How to Connect a Crossover to Speakers?
In this article, our editors have explained in detail all the steps that will help you connect a crossover to car speakers. A crossover is actually an audio processing unit, which is able to separate a single audio signal to two or more frequency ranges.
Crossovers are of two types; one is a passive crossover and the other is an active crossover. An active crossover is a bit more costly than a passive crossover, but it has a better sound quality, as it uses multiple amplifiers and it gives you more control.
- Passive crossover:
As for passive crossover, they are really easy and simple to install. They don’t need any kind of power connection or grounding, you can simply install them between your amplifier and speaker.
Speaker wire from the amplifier is connected to the input of the crossover. And, then the process is really simple as the tweeter wire is wired to the tweeter output and the same is for woofer output.
If you are going to face a challenge, then the only challenge would be where to mount it but most of the component crossovers are really small. And you can easily fit them inside your door, which is near the location of the woofer. In line crossovers, are another type of passive crossover, which is connected between the amplifier and the receiver.
But they have the disadvantage and that is they change their crossover points without any warning as they react differently to the different amplifiers.
- Active crossover:
Installation of active crossover is a bit tricky, it is better to install it near the amplifiers, as the installation procedure is really similar to the amplifiers. Same ground wiring and signals from the receiver to the amplifier process. If you are using an amplifier, you must adjust settings for a better sound.
But, once the whole installation process is completed, you get the whole control over the system, as all the speakers are under your control.
How to Connect a Crossover to Speakers?
This is a step-by-step guide and you will learn about connecting a crossover with car speakers. Before going into the details for today’s topic, you must first install a crossover in your car. For this, selecting the right location is a must. Here are all the details:
Installing a Crossover in your car
Finding the right location for installing your crossover is the key point. The best location is which is easily accessible and doesn’t take up much space in your car. Though most of the times it is just okay to tune in your sounds and enjoy it.
Sometimes you may want to tweak the system to enjoy a new sound. But make sure that your crossover is securely mounted and doesn’t go flying off, in case of an auto accident.
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To avoid the noise problems, avoid the crossover directly to the metal. You can even mount your crossover and amplifier on the same board for your convenience.
Proper Wiring of the crossover
Again, same as the amplifier, the crossover would be needing almost 12-volt power directly from your car battery. Though you can use the wiring, even as thin as 18 gauge for your crossover, which is unlike the wiring of the amplifier.
In order to get power for your crossover, go for the distribution block and just simply use the power cable, just like the amplifier.
For the noise-free grounding point, which you will definitely need, go for the same place as your amplifier, as it will also be good for your crossover. Just make sure that the grounds are tightly attached to the vehicle and there is no dirt and paint are in the place of the contact. And for your turn on lead, you can simply tie it to the lead of the amplifier, without any worry.
But the turnout circuit of the receiver has the limited capacity and it will give you a lot of trouble, as it will fail, in most of the cases, when you are trying to turn on two or more devices. And when that happens, do not fret, just get a relay as it will be easily triggered by the turn-on circuit. But it can get its voltage from another source i.e. fuse box.
But still, if you face any kind of problem or you think you can’t handle it, then you can just call your tech department and can get free advice. Or you can leave your questions in the comment box and my team will get back to you as soon as possible.
Connection of crossover to car speakers
Now, that you understand the basic concepts, we can move onto our main question of how to connect a crossover to car speakers. You should properly install car speakers in the trunk before connecting a crossover.
For that, the first thing while setting up the crossover is to end up every band of frequency which the tweeters can be, subwoofers and midrange speakers. For instance, just play them at the same volume.
Then, the next thing to do is applying the EQ curves and the tone adjustments as per your liking. Then, do the whole process again by resetting the crossover in order to compensate for the equal adjustments. You can even tweak EQ till it sounds perfect to you. Do it again and again till you are satisfied.
Even though all crossovers are different but the process of setting them is quite similar. So, just follow the given steps and it will be easy for you.
- First of all, find the best level at which your receiver is playing the best music. You can turn up the volume so that the music gets distorted and then turn it down again.
- Then, you can set up the input sensitivity of your crossover. Usually, crossover with this feature also has the clip indicator light, which gives you full control.
- Also, set the level of each output in a way that they are playing equally. And also, for each pair of amplifier channel, set the gain. Again, turn up the volume to the level of distortion and then turn it down again a bit.
- Now, in order to balance the high to the low level playing from every component, reset the output level of your crossover. Make sure that all notes are playing at the same level or the volume, so make the total response of the system flat.
- And to compensate any of the output crossover adjustments, you can reset the amplifier. Also, again reset the output levels of crossover again.
- Now, to the receiver, apply EQ or other tone adjustments. So that your music sounds best, adjust ever control or just boost it. if you want, you can even turn on the bass boost.
- In order to continue the equalization, you have to set your crossover and amplifier a bit. Try to find the level at which your receiver is playing the best music. And again, use the procedure of turning up the music to the level of distortion and turning it down again.
- If there is, then set up the input sensitivity of your crossover. So that all the sounds blend smoothly, adjust the level of each crossover. After that, set the gain forever channel of the amplifier and turn the music to the distortion level and then turn it down a bit.
- Then, reset the output level of crossover in a way that it balances the high, mid and low from each component. But this time, the purpose of repeating the step is to make the sound great not flat.
- In order to compensate any of the output adjustments of crossover, adjust in a way that amplifier gains. And if there is a need, adjust the output level of crossover again.
- Finally, so that your music sounds awesome, after all the effort. Adjust, for the last time I promise, the tone of your receiver. And, it’s done! Now you can enjoy your music.
Best of Luck.
Team – Howstereo.com
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